In this article we will be taking a closer look at CoQ10 – a super-molecule that have shown to provide great benefits to the body when it comes to slowing down the process of aging.
In our recent blog series, we have talked about exciting developments in the science of aging, and emerging evidence showing that aging can be favorably affected by certain strategic and scientifically measured nutritional supplements.
In our previous blog post, we looked at one of the exciting molecules capable of exerting beneficial effects on the aging process in our cells: PQQ. As we learned, PQQ gives its benefits by improving the function of our cellular power plants – the mitochondria.
In this blog post, we will take a look at another “star molecule,” namely coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), also known as Ubiquinone. As the subject of numerous peer-reviewed scientific papers, CoQ10 is also intimately related to mitochondrial function. Without this potent molecule in our mitochondria we would be unable to create the steady supply of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) required by our cells.
We know that when there is an ample amount of coenzyme Q10 in our cells, our mitochondria operate much more efficiently – producing ATP in abundance. Just as importantly, they do so without generating excess that we call toxic “free radicals.”
We know that, only because something is important to the functioning of our cells, does not necessarily mean taking more of it as a supplement will have any special benefits. So, how do we know that CoQ10 is something worth taking?
A PubMed search reveals over 430 randomized, controlled trials – the highest standard of medical evidence. What do those trials indicate? A Meta-Analysis published this year stated: “Evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) suggests that coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) can regulate adipokine levels to impact inflammation and oxidative stress in conditions of metabolic syndrome.” 
We now know that adipocytes (fat cells) secrete hormones stimulate systemic inflammation. The fact that CoQ10 has been shown to favorably regulate adipokine levels is highly significant. It suggests that supplementing with coenzyme Q10 might help one maintain normal metabolism, and prevent a shift toward metabolic syndrome.
Other studies have shown that coenzyme Q10 can restore function in aging oocytes (female reproductive cells), by restoring mitochondrial function . This brilliantly illustrates the direct, anti-aging effects of CoQ10 in human cells.
Fibrosis is one of the hallmarks of aging. It is the progressive loss of elasticity and suppleness in all tissues, leading to changes in skin, bone, internal organs, and particularly the vascular system. One of the key goals of anti-aging is to avoid fibrosis, and keep our tissues supple, and vital.
Excitingly, coenzyme Q10 can help prevent fibrosis, as underscored in a recent paper by Iain Hargreaves and David Mantle, where they state “Clinical studies have indicated that CoQ10 supplementation may decrease the level of cardiovascular fibrosis to which older individuals are subjected, and thereby improve cardiovascular function and reduce the risk of cardiovascular associated mortality.“
Skin changes are often the first visible sign of aging, but what is becoming increasingly clear is that the cells which make up our skin are simply suffering from reversible mitochondrial dysfunction, which has shown to be reversible with CoQ10. This is not merely a cosmetic boon, because the skin is our largest organ, and a key line of defense.
If skin cells are the most visibly associated with aging, our blood vessels are disproportionately associated with the worst diseases of aging, including coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, and stroke. Perhaps the most exciting research on coenzyme Q10 underscores its value in protecting these vital tissues.
In a 2018 study from Jia Hu of the Department of Aging Biology, Institute of Pathogenesis and Disease Prevention, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Hu and colleagues state, “CoQ10H2 protects endothelial cells against senescence by promoting mitochondrial function and thus could delay vascular aging.”
Other recent studies underscore the ability of coenzyme Q10 to protect aging of the brain; something we are all keenly interested in. Con Stough and colleagues are currently engaged in a multi-center trial of CoQ10 in otherwise healthy, aging individuals, stating that “CoQ10 is a novel treatment which has the potential to improve brain function in healthy elderly populations due to established beneficial effects on mitochondrial function, vascular function and oxidative stress.”
This blog could grow to book-length enumerating all the exciting research on coenzyme Q10, and we just can’t cover all of it here, but I hope I’ve given the reader a sense of the excitement surrounding this key molecule, and its role in helping us age optimally, and add life to our years.
Marcus Gitterle, M.D.
MD Marcus Gitterle is responsible for Wound Centric’s 40 clinics in 12 states in the USA, and writes a series of articles for Cellexir on research into anti aging and aging processes. He has also made the formula for Cellexir One.
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